Country Report for Zambia 2017

INTRODUCTION

The report focuses on the Co-creating Conscious Learning cultures conversations series that took place in Lusaka, Zambia during the year 2017. The series of conversations were led by The Coalition of African Lesbians (CAL) and is part of the work that CAL has to do in all 8 Southern African countries where the KPREACH project is being implemented.

COUNTRY CONTEXT

Key affected populations in Zambia1

Until recently, Zambia had not systematically collected data or monitored the impact of HIV and AIDS on key affected populations although this is now changing. Zambia’s revised National HIV and AIDS Strategic Framework (R-NASF) 2014 – 2016 now includes indicators on sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs. Between 2011 and 2016, the Population Council and partners have been conducting the first integrated biological and behavioural research in Zambia to determine the population size, HIV prevalence and incidence among sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs. This research will also identify social risk factors such as stigma and discrimination, alcohol and drug use, lack of access to services, and the absence of a social support network. Once published, the survey’s findings will provide national policymakers with objective evidence to inform HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs for key populations. However, until this occurs, data on Zambia’s key populations remains limited.

Women and HIV in Zambia2

In 2015, 640,000 of the 1.1 million adults (aged 15 and over) living with HIV in Zambia were women. Prevalence is much higher among younger women than younger men, standing at 11.2% for women and 7.3% for men aged 20-24.

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